Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

01 May 2004

Identifying colorectal metastases in liver biopsies: the novel CDX2 antibody is less specific than the cytokeratin 20+/7– phenotype

Tibor Tot

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(5): BR139-143 :: ID: 11656

Abstract

Background:Immunohistochemistry plays an important role in tracing the primary site in metastatic tumors of unknown origin. Therefore, determining the cytokeratin (CK) 20/CK7 pattern of metastases is one of the most helpful procedures as the CK20+/CK7– pattern is typical of colorectal adenocarcinomas. Expression of CDX2 protein is a new, highly specific and sensitive marker of the intestinal origin of adenocarcinomas. In the present study we compared the sensitivity and specificity of CDX2 expression and the CK20+/CK7– phenotype in predicting the colorectal origin of liver metastases.Material/Methods: The study was carried out on a consecutive series of 125 core-needle biopsies of metastatic adenocarcinomas of the liver. Most of the patients were followed up to death, and primary tumor localization could be established in 102 cases by a combination of clinical, radiological, histological and, in some cases, autopsy data. All the needle biopsies were immunohistochemically stained for CK7, CK20 and CDX2. CDX2 expression (at 10% and 50% cut-off levels) and the CK20/CK7 pattern of the metastases were correlated to the primary site established.Results: The CK20+/CK7– pattern showed a specificity of 98.7% in predicting colorectal primary localization, which was superior to that of CDX2 expression at both cut-off levels (90% and 95.3% respectively). The sensitivity of CDX2 expression in these circumstances was 84% at the 10% cut-off, somewhat higher than that of the CK20+/CK7– phenotype (79.5%), but lower at the 50% cut-off level (72.7%).Conclusions: The CK20+/CK7– immunophenotype is more specific in predicting the colorectal origin of liver metastasis than CDX2 expression.

Keywords: Adenocarcinoma - metabolism, Intermediate Filament Proteins - biosynthesis, Adenocarcinoma - pathology, Aged, 80 and over, Antibodies - chemistry, Colorectal Neoplasms - pathology, Homeodomain Proteins - immunology, Immunophenotyping, Intermediate Filament Proteins - biosynthesis, Keratin-20, Keratin-7, Keratins - biosynthesis, Liver Neoplasms - secondary, Neoplasm Metastasis, Phenotype, Sensitivity and Specificity, Trans-Activators

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416