Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

18 May 2007

Late presenting diaphragmatic hernia: Clinical and diagnostic aspects

Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Maciej Bagłaj, Dąbrówka Sokołowska, Jolanta Ładogórska, Krzysztof Moroń

Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(1): 137-146 :: ID: 482423

Abstract

Background: The congenital diaphragm hernia presents most frequently in the neonatal period. In a small group of children his defect can be diagnosed beyond the newborn age, during late infancy or early childhood. The late presenting congenital diaphragm hernia is characterized by a variable clinical picture and represents a considerable diagnostic challenge.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of imaging methods in diagnosis, monitoring and management of late presenting diaphragmatic hernias.
Material and Methods: The retrospective analysis of 58 children with congenital diaphragm hernia, aged from 1 day to 7.5 years (the average: 2.6 years) treated between 1990–2006 in the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology of the Medical University of Wroclaw was carried out. 19 (39%) children in whom the malformation was recognized beyond the newborn period were numbered to this group. The detailed analysis comprised the type of clinical manifestation, as well as the therapeutic and diagnostic algorithm.
Results: The postero-lateral variant of the defect was recognized in 15 children, the Morgagni type in 2 and the hiatal type in 2. Right-sided hernia was found in 4 children, whereas left-sided in 15. 8 infants with left hernia presented with dominant symptoms from the respiratory system; 3 infants – from the GI tract with delayed somatic growth. Among children over 1 year of age, 6 presented symptoms of respiratory origin and only 2 of gastrointestinal nature. Only one child showed associated congenital malformations. In all children the diagnosis was made on the basis of imaging modalities. The GI contrast study was decisive imaging method in 14 children, ultrasonography in 15, CT in 4.
Conclusions: The lack of typical clinical presentation in cases of late presenting CDH leads to delayed diagnosis of the defect. This clinical entity should be however taken into account in the differential diagnosis of children with respiratory distress and GI disturbances. The imaging studies are essentials in every case.

Keywords: Child, Preschool, Child, Diagnostic Imaging, Hernia, Diaphragmatic - surgery, Infant, Newborn

Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416