Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

01 October 2007

Olfactory and psychomotor symptoms in HIV and aging: Potential precursors to cognitive loss

David E Vance

Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(10): SC1-3 :: ID: 502451

Abstract

In the United States, more than 100,000 adults 50 years old and over are diagnosed with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The number of older adults living with HIV is increasing dramatically due primarily to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) which is transforming this disease into a chronic condition for many who are responding well to treatment. This population is also growing due to later-life infections and reflects the overall aging of the larger population in general. Yet, despite the novelty of such developing demographic trends, the negative consequences of aging with HIV are largely unknown. Therefore, it is necessary to synthesize the gerontological and HIV/AIDS literatures to hypothesize possible areas that may be of concern to people as they age with this disease. One area of particular concern focuses on tell-tale signs of cognitive problems and the development of dementia. Separately, older adults and adults with HIV are more susceptible of experiencing cognitive declines and dementia. Thus, as people age with HIV, they may be particularly susceptible of such cognitive problems and therefore detecting such problems in the early stages may be vital in preventing further problems. Based on the literature, adults infected with HIV experience impairments in olfaction and psychomotor ability. Similar symptoms are exhibited in older adults with Parkinson’s disease and other dementias. Thus, for older adults with HIV, declines in both olfaction and psychomotor skills may be early signs of a developing neurodegenerative disorder. Implications for those aging with HIV are posited.

Keywords: Cognition Disorders - physiopathology, Aging - pathology, AIDS Dementia Complex - physiopathology, Olfactory Nerve Diseases - physiopathology, Psychomotor Disorders - physiopathology, AIDS Dementia Complex - physiopathology, Aging - pathology, Cognition Disorders - physiopathology, Olfactory Nerve Diseases - physiopathology, Psychomotor Disorders - physiopathology

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416