Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

01 December 2008

Liposomal methotrexate hydrogel for treatment of localized psoriasis: preparation, characterization and laser targeting

Maha Fadel Mohamed AliABCDEF, Manal SalahBCD, Maha RafeaBCD, Nadia SalehDG

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(12): PI66-74 :: ID: 869465

Abstract

Background
Because systemic treatment of psoriasis is associated with several adverse effects, methotrexate (MTX), either topically or as targeted delivery, has become a more-interesting alternative.
Material and Method
Methotrexate liposomes (LMTX) were prepared from DPPC, soy PC, egg yolk PC, and cholesterol. We studied the characterization, formulation of hydrogel (MTX 0.25%), and skin permeability, and compared LMTX gel with plain MTX gel and placebo for treating localized psoriasis in a double-blind study using albino mice. Gel formulations were applied daily, followed by irradiation with 80 joules from a 650-nm diode laser 3 times weekly for 12 weeks. Changes in disease signs and histopathological features were assessed.
Results
Drug release increased as laser energy increased following Higuchi's diffusion model and changed to zero order with energies > or = 80 J; significantly more MTX was released at all time intervals. Both LMTX and FMTX gels showed zero order kinetic release and antipsoriatic activity. During 8 months' follow-up, up to 60% of the patients treated with LMTX gel had no recurrence; this difference was statistically significant. No clinically significant changes were seen regarding blood or other laboratory variables.
Conclusions
Application of an 80-J diode laser to 0.25% LMTX hydrogel was beneficial for relieving psoriasis and did not exert systemic toxicity.

Keywords: Placebos, Psoriasis - drug therapy, Methotrexate - therapeutic use, Liposomes, Immunosuppressive Agents - therapeutic use, Hydrogels, Double-Blind Method, Adolescent, Administration, Topical

Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416