Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

23 April 2009

Aggressive and impulsive behaviors in Frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease

Bozena Grochmal-BachABDEF, Leszek BidzanABCDEF, Maria PachalskaABCDEF, Mariola BidzanABCF, Beata LukaszewskaABCF, Anna PufalBCF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(5): CR248-254 :: ID: 869647

Abstract

Background
Differentiating FTD and AD is of great clinical significance, due to the very different efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors in the two disorders. Previous studies have pointed to behavioral differences in FTD and AD, but less attention has been paid to comparing aggressive and impulsive behaviors in the AD and the FTD.
Material and Method
Nursing home residents diagnosed with AD (NINCDS/ADRDA criteria) or the behavioral variant of FTD (Frontotemporal Dementia and Pick's Disease Working Group criteria) were included in the research group. Individuals diagnosed with AD who showed atrophy of the frontal lobes in neuroimaging were excluded from the study, as were patients matching the clinical criteria for bvFTD, but with lesions in the temporal lobes. Agitation and aggressive behaviors were assessed using the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), whereas behavioral and psychological symptoms were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory - Nursing Home Version (NPI-NH).
Results
The overall NPI-NH score, including with some partial scores (apathy/indifference and disinhibition), together with the intensity of aberrant motor behavior differentiated individuals with AD from those with bvFTD. On the CMAI scale, both the overall score and physical aggressive behaviors differentiated the two study groups.
Conclusions
Our research confirms previous results indicating a greater intensity of behavioral pathology in FTD. A detailed assessment of aggressive behaviors revealed further differences between AD and FTD in this respect.

Keywords: Mental Disorders - etiology, Dementia - complications, Alzheimer Disease - complications

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416