31 October 2012
The influence of uremic high cystatin C concentration on neutrophil apoptosis and selected neutrophil functions isolated from healthy subjectsEwa MajewskaABCDEFG, Natalia WittekABD, Jacek RyszADF, Zbigniew BajADEG
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(11): CR667-673
Background: Cystatin C (cC) is a cysteine protease inhibitor that may influence immune response. Our aim was to test the effect of a high concentration of cC, characteristic for uremic patients, on neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis and respiratory burst, as well as the cC secretion from PMNs stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines.
Material/Methods: PMNs from 35 healthy volunteers aged 27–61 years were cultured in presence of cC, IL-1beta or TNF-alpha. The percentage of apoptotic cells based on DNA depletion, Fas, FasL and caspase -3 expression were assessed. CC concentrations were determined by ELISA test. The influence of cC on spontaneous, fMLP-, PMA- or OZ-induced burst response of PMNs was tested using chemiluminescence.
Results: PMN cultured in the presence of cC resulted in a significant drop in apoptotic cell percentage (38% [11%; 65%]) compared both to control (70% [29%; 92%], and to the cells cultured with TNF-alpha (58% [24%; 85%]). These differences were not accompanied by Fas, FasL and caspase-3 expression changes. Spontaneous, fMLP- and PMA-stimulated oxidative burst of PMNs preincubated with cC were significantly downregulated. IL-1beta markedly diminished and TNF-alpha significantly increased cC concentration in culture supernatants.
Conclusions: The presented results suggest that antiapoptotic activity of cC results from its inhibitory effect on ROS production. Thus, the higher concentration of cC characteristic for uremic patients may modulate acute inflammation through maintaining PMN longevity and inhibiting their respiratory burst and proinflammatory cytokine-related changes in cC release from PMNs.
Keywords: N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine - pharmacology, Interleukin-1beta - pharmacology, Health, Fas Ligand Protein - metabolism, Cystatin C - metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Cell Separation, Cell Respiration - drug effects, Neutrophils - pathology, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate - pharmacology, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - pharmacology, Uremia - metabolism
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Apr 2020 : Original articleOutcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449
11 May 2020 : Original articleAnalysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085
05 Jan 2021 : Review articleA Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207
10 Aug 2020 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264