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Current status of percutaneous vertebroplasty and percutaneous kyphoplasty – a review

Yang Yimin, Ren Zhiwei, Ma Wei, Rajiv Jha

Xi'an, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2013; 19:826-836

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.889479

Available online:

Published: 2013-10-07

Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) and kyphoplasty (PK) are the 2vertebral augmentation procedures that have emerged as minimally invasive surgical options to treat painful vertebral compression fractures (VCF) during the last 2 decades. VCF may either be osteoporotic or tumor-associated. Two hundred million women are affected by osteoporosis globally. Vertebral fracture may result in acute pain around the fracture site, loss of vertebral height due to vertebral collapse, spinal instability, and kyphotic deformity. The main goal of the PV and PK procedures is to give immediate pain relief to patients and restore the vertebral height lost due to fracture. In percutaneous vertebroplasty, bone cement is injected through a minimal incision into the fractured site. Kyphoplasty involves insertion of a balloon into the fractured site, followed by inflation-deflation to create a cavity into which the filler material is injected, and the balloon is taken out prior to cement injection. This literature review presents a qualitative overview on the current status of vertebral augmentation procedures,especially PV and PK, and compares the efficacy and safety of these 2 procedures. The review consists of a brief history of the development of these 2 techniques, a discussion on the current research on the bone cement, clinical outcome of the 2 procedures, and it also sheds light on ongoing and future research to maximize the efficacy and safety of vertebral augmentation procedures.

Keywords: Bone Cements - therapeutic use, Fractures, Compression - surgery, Kyphoplasty - trends, Spinal Fractures - surgery, Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive - trends, Vertebroplasty - trends