Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

11 April 2014 : Original article  

Prognostic value of paraoxonase 1 in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

Anna WysockaABCDEF, Marek CybulskiABCD, Henryk BerbećAD, Andrzej WysokińskiADG, Janusz StążkaAD, Tomasz ZapolskiADEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890025

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:594-600

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether –108C/T polymorphism of the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene and the plasma enzyme activity are risk factors for adverse cardiac events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-one patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study. Genomic DNA was extracted from the venous blood using the Gen Elute™ Blood Genomic DNA kit (Sigma) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. PON1 activity was measured in 50 mM glycine/NaOH buffer (pH 10.5) containing 1.0 mM paraoxon, and 1.0mM CaCl2.

RESULTS: The mean PON1 activity toward paraoxon and toward phenyl acetate was equal (166.5±86.9 U/ml and 96.0±47.2 U/ml, respectively) in patients with CHD. The –108C/T polymorphism of PON1 gene was tested. In CABG patients, PON1 activities in dependence on genotypes were significantly different and equalled 266.2±117.9 U/ml for CC, 178.8±64.7 U/ml for CT, and 98.9±59.2 U/ml for TT genotype. Patients with PON1 activity lower than 193.5 U/ml exhibited significantly increased risk of a serious cardiac event in comparison with patients with PON1 activity higher or equal to this value (p=0.03). Additionally, TT genotype was significantly associated with shorter time of event-free survival in comparison with CT and CC genotypes (p=0.009).

CONCLUSIONS: The PON1 polymorphism and enzyme plasma activity are associated with CHD occurrence. High PON1 activity connected with the presence of CC and CT genotypes decreases the recurrence of symptoms of coronary heart disease and improve prognosis after CABG.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Aryldialkylphosphatase - metabolism, Coronary Artery Bypass - adverse effects, Coronary Disease - genetics, Demography, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Multivariate Analysis, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics, Postoperative Complications - etiology, Prognosis, Promoter Regions, Genetic - genetics

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416