Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

10 March 2014 : Original article  

Cytotoxic effect of endodontic irrigants in vitro

Donika BajramiABEF, Veton HoxhaAFG, Omer GorduysusAEG, Sevda MuftuogluABDG, Nacije Dilara ZeybekCD, Selen KüçükkayaEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.890247

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2014; 20:22-26

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cytotoxicity of root canal irrigants is important due to their close contact with host tissues. The aim of this study was to assess the cytotoxic effect of NaOCl 3%, Chx 2%, and MTAD on rat periodontal ligament fibroblasts, at 0.1 and 100 µl/mL, using WST-1 colorimetric method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rat ligamental fibroblasts were exposed to the irrigants and their viability was assessed after 1, 24, 48, and 72 h. The measurements were determined using WST-1 assay, using a micro ELISA reader.

RESULTS: At 100 ml/L all 3 irrigants were strongly cytotoxic, although CHX was less so than NaOCl and MTAD. At the 0.1 ml/L concentration, NaOCl and MTAD were only moderately cytotoxic, whereas Chx was highly deleterious to cell viability at all time points. There was a significant influence of the dilution rate of the substance, because the odds ratio for cell viability being over 50% was increased 51 times between the 100 ml/L and 0.1 ml/L dilutions.

CONCLUSIONS: It seems that irrigating solutions should be used at lower concentrations to enhance cell viability.

Keywords: Cell Death - drug effects, Cell Survival - drug effects, Endodontics, Periodontal Ligament - pathology, Root Canal Irrigants - pharmacology

Add Comment 0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

07 Jul 2022 : Laboratory Research   4,101

Cytotoxicity, Apoptosis, Migration Inhibition, and Autophagy-Induced by Crude Ricin from Ricinus communis S...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.936683

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2022; 28:e936683

15 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research   4,097

Evaluation of Apical Leakage After Root Canal Obturation with Glass Ionomer, Resin, and Zinc Oxide Eugenol ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.936675

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2022; 28:e936675

01 Jun 2022 : Laboratory Research   3,932

Comparison of Sealing Abilities Among Zinc Oxide Eugenol Root-Canal Filling Cement, Antibacterial Biocerami...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.936319

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2022; 28:e936319

30 Oct 2023 : Original article   3,602

Exploring the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Academic Burnout Among Nursing College Students in China: ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.940997

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2023; 29:e940997

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416