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Ultrasound Imaging in the Diagnosis of Benign and Suspicious Adrenal Lesions

Jin Fan, Jie Tang, Jiabin Fang, Qiuyang Li, Enhui He, Jia Li, Yanqiu Wang

Department of Ultrasound, General Hospital of People’s Liberation Army of China, Beijing, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2132-2141

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890800

Available online:

Published: 2014-11-03

Background: The purpose of this study was to define the ultrasound imaging characteristics of adrenal tumors and to assess the performance of ultrasound in differentiating benign ‘leave-alone’ lesions from suspicious lesions.
Material and Methods: We enrolled 882 patients in this study. The nature of each lesion was determined by histopathology. Ultrasound finding of each lesion was compared with its corresponding histopathologic result. The final study group consisted of 911 adrenal masses in 882 patients. All images were reviewed by 2 experienced investigators in a double blind manner.
Results: There were 553 adenomas identified in the study, which constituted 60.70% of the lesions. There were 161 pheochromocytomas (17.67%), 49 myelolipomas (5.38%), 39 cysts (4.28%), 37 metastasis (4.06%), 35 ganglioneuromas (3.84%), 22 lymphomas (2.41%), and 15 cortical carcinomas (1.65%). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasound-based diagnosis were 89%, 99%, and 93.9%, respectively. A positive predictive value of 90.9% and a negative predictive value of 94.2% were obtained in this study.
Conclusions: This large-sample study showed that ultrasound was a reliable method in differentiating benign ‘leave-alone’ lesions from suspicious lesions.

Keywords: Adrenal Gland Neoplasms - ultrasonography, Diagnosis, Differential, Sensitivity and Specificity