Elżbieta Łuczyńska, Sylwia Heinze-Paluchowska, Edward Hendrick, Sonia Dyczek, Janusz Ryś, Krzysztof Herman, Paweł Blecharz, Jerzy Jakubowicz
Department of Radiology, Cancer Centre and Institute of Oncology, Cracow, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1358-1367
The main goal of this study was to compare contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with histopathological results and to compare the sensitivity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values for both imaging modalities.
Material and Methods: After ethics approval, CESM and MRI examinations were performed in 102 patients who had suspicious lesions described in conventional mammography. All visible lesions were evaluated independently by 2 experienced radiologists using BI-RADS classifications (scale 1–5). Dimensions of lesions measured with each modality were compared to postoperative histopathology results.
Results: There were 102 patients entered into CESM/MRI studies and 118 lesions were identified by the combination of CESM and breast MRI. Histopathology confirmed that 81 of 118 lesions were malignant and 37 were benign. Of the 81 malignant lesions, 72 were invasive cancers and 9 were in situ cancers. Sensitivity was 100% with CESM and 93% with breast MRI. Accuracy was 79% with CESM and 73% with breast MRI. ROC curve areas based on BI-RADS were 0.83 for CESM and 0.84 for breast MRI. Lesion size estimates on CESM and breast MRI were similar, both slightly larger than those from histopathology.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that CESM has the potential to be a valuable diagnostic method that enables accurate detection of malignant breast lesions, has high negative predictive value, and a false-positive rate similar to that of breast MRI.
Keywords: Breast Neoplasms - radiography, Breast Diseases - radiography, Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast - radiography, Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating - radiography, Carcinoma, Lobular - radiography, Contrast Media, Diagnosis, Differential, False Negative Reactions, False Positive Reactions, Fibroadenoma - radiography, Iohexol - analogs & derivatives, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mammography - methods, Predictive Value of Tests, ROC Curve, Radiation Dosage, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tumor Burden