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10 July 2015 : Clinical Research  

Association between Serum Fructosamine and Kidney Function in Nondiabetic Individuals without Chronic Kidney Disease

You-Fan PengABCDF, Wen-Yan CaoE, Jian-Mei ZhaoBD, Ling CaoD, Zhao-Xia ZhangF, Dan ChenE, Qiong ZhangBCDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893567

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1996-1999

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Serum fructosamine (SF) has been considered to be an indicator that estimates glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). There is increasing evidence that SF concentration and oxidative stress are significantly elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the data about SF and its association with kidney function are lacking in nondiabetic individuals without CKD. We included 1891 nondiabetic individuals who had not been diagnosed with CKD to determine the association between SF and kidney function.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on the basis of the biochemistry database in nondiabetic individuals without CKD.

RESULTS: When eligible participants were stratified in accordance with SF quartiles, from the bottom to the top quartile of SF, a significant decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was observed in baseline data. SF concentration was negatively associated with estimated GFR (r=–0.066, P=0.004) in the Pearson correlation analysis. Estimated GFR was associated with SF levels independently of glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and total protein (TP) in multivariable logistic regression analysis (OR=0.984; CI 95% 0.977–0.991; P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that mild elevation of SF concentration is associated with estimated GFR in nondiabetic individuals without CKD. These findings indicate that SF may underlie CKD in nondiabetic individuals.

Keywords: Adolescent, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Fructosamine - blood, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Kidney Failure, Chronic - physiopathology, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416