Correlation Between Platelet and Hemoglobin Levels and Pathological Characteristics and Prognosis of Early-Stage Squamous Cervical Carcinoma
Xiaowei Li, Cheng Tan, Wanxuan Zhang, Jingyi Zhou, Zhiqi Wang, Shijun Wang, Jianliu Wang, Lihui Wei
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3921-3928
We sought to determine the effect of pre-operative hemoglobin (HGB) and platelet (PLT) levels on the clinical features and prognosis of early-stage squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 380 patients with SCC who underwent hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. SCC was confirmed post-operatively by pathological diagnosis. The relations between HGB and PLT levels and clinicopathological characteristics were observed, and a Cox regression analysis was performed to determine their influence on survival.
RESULTS: There were significant differences in tumor staging, tumor diameter, and lymphatic metastasis between the 69 patients with PLT levels >300×109/L and the 311 patients with PLT levels ≤300×109/L (P<0.05). Tumor staging, extent of differentiation, and lymphatic metastasis were significantly different between 134 patients with HGB levels <120 g/L and 246 patients with HGB levels ≥120 g/L (P<0.05). The overall survival rate in the group with PLT levels >300×109/L was lower than that in the group with PLT levels ≤300 × 109/L, but this difference was not significant. The overall survival rate in the group with HGB levels <120 g/L was significantly lower than that in the group with HGB levels ≥120 g/L (P<0.05), and the overall survival rate in the group with PLT levels >300×109/L and HGB levels <120 g/L was significantly lower than that in the group with PLT levels ≤300×109/L and HGB levels ≤120 g/L (P<0.05). According to Cox regression analysis, a pre-operative HGB level <120 g/L was considered a separate risk factor affecting prognosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Close attention must be paid to pre-operative PLT and HGB levels, and anemia should be remedied to facilitate the treatment of cervical carcinoma.
Keywords: Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - surgery, Hemoglobins - analysis, Lymph Node Excision, Lymphatic Metastasis, Platelet Count, Prognosis, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - surgery