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Can Echocardiography, Especially Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion Measurement, Predict Pulmonary Hypertension and Improve Prognosis in Patients on Long-Term Dialysis?

Radosław Grabysa, Zofia Wańkowicz

Departament of Internal Diseases and Cardiology, Medica Healthcare Cectre, Ostróda, Poland

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:4015-4022

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895033

Available online:

Published: 2015-12-23

ABSTRACT: In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to pulmonary hypertension (PH) as a strong and independent risk factor for adverse outcome in the population of patients on long-term dialysis.
Published results of observational studies indicate that the problem of PH refers mostly to patients on long-term hemodialysis and is less common in peritoneal dialysis patients. The main cause of this complication is proximal location of the arteriovenous fistula, causing chronically increased cardiac output.
This paper presents the usefulness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for measurement of the Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) in the early diagnosis of PH in dialysis patients.
Echocardiographic diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension with TTE, especially in the case of HD patients, ensures the selection of the proper location for the first arteriovenous fistula and facilitates the decision to switch to peritoneal dialysis or to accelerate the process of qualification for kidney transplantation.

Keywords: Hypertension, Pulmonary - ultrasonography, Echocardiography - methods, Peritoneal Dialysis - methods, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Renal Dialysis - methods, Tricuspid Valve - ultrasonography