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Physical Education Lessons and Activity Status of Visually Impaired and Sighted Adolescents

Funda Demirturk, Mustafa Kaya

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Gaziosmanpaşa University, School of Health, Tokat, Turkey

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3521-3527

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895038

Available online:

Published: 2015-11-15

BACKGROUND: This study investigated participation in physical education and sports lessons of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers and compared their physical activity levels.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 22 visually impaired children of mean age 13.59±1.14 years and 31 sighted children aged 13.61±0.50 years participated in the study. A questionnaire prepared for this study was used to investigate participation of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers in physical education and sports lessons at school and the problems they encounter while doing sports. The Turkish version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire – short-form (IPAQ-SF) was used to evaluate the physical activity level of the subjects.
RESULTS: The results of our study suggest that physical activity levels of visually impaired children and their sighted children were similar (p>0.05). Totally blind children had lower IPAQ scores than those with low vision (p<0.05), and girls were less active physically than boys (p<0.05). There were few differences in physical education lessons of the groups, in taking part in sports-related organizations, and future plans.
CONCLUSIONS: Children in secondary school, especially visually impaired children, need to be more motivated and more encouraged to take part in various sports or physical activities.

Keywords: Case-Control Studies, Adolescent, Child, Education of Visually Disabled, Motivation, Motor Activity - physiology, Physical Education and Training, Schools, Sports, Surveys and Questionnaires, Turkey, Vision Disorders - psychology, Visually Impaired Persons