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Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) Regulates Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α-Induced) Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) Expression in Renal Medullary Collecting Duct Cells Through Inhibiting the NF-κB Pathway

Qinqin Lin, Yuanwen Geng, Shuaishuai Lin, Zhenjun Tian

College of Physical Education, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2016; 22:165-174

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.901909

Available online: 2016-12-16

Published: 2016-12-16


BACKGROUND: Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) plays a major role in water reabsorption in the renal collecting duct, and is involved in a variety of renal disease. Recent studies have indicate that sirtuin1 (SIRT1) exerts renoprotective properties against kidney diseases. This study aimed to determine the potential role of SIRT1 in AQP2 expression induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and to disclose the underlying mechanism in renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were respectively identified mRNA and protein expression. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the localization of AQP2. Small-interfering RNA (siRNA) was carried out for mechanism study.
RESULTS: Results showed that AQP2 was clearly increased in the plasma membrane and decreased in the cytoplasm of IMCD cells treated with AVP. TNF-α treatment in IMCD cells significantly reduced SIRT1 and AQP2 expression, and increased acetylated NF-κBp65 protein level in time- and concentration-dependent manners. Moreover, SIRT1 overexpression or the activator SRT1720 augmented AQP2 expression and reduced the acetylation of NF-κBp65, which was reversed by SIRT1 siRNA or the inhibitors Ex527 and sirtinol in TNF-α-induced IMCD cells. Knockdown of NF-κBp65 or NF-κBp65 inhibition by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) enhanced AQP2 expression in IMCD cells exposed to TNF-α. Importantly, knockdown of NF-kBp65 augmented the up-regulation of SIRT1 on AQP2 expression in IMCD cells induced by TNF-α.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that SIRT1 increases AQP2 expression in TNF-α-induced IMCD cells via the NF-κB-dependent signalling pathway, which might provide novel insight to understanding the renoprotective effects of SIRT1 in kidney diseases.

Keywords: acute kidney injury, Aquaporin 2, Kidney Tubules, Collecting, sirtuin 1