Therapeutic Effect and Mechanism of Action of Abnormal Savda Munziq in Development of Degenerative Atherosclerotic Aortic Valve Disease
Aisikaer Shabiti, Aili Aibibula, Aikeremu Tuerxun, Halmurat Wufuer
Heart Center, 1st Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4431-4439
The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq) on the development of degenerative atherosclerotic aortic valve disease and its underlying mechanisms.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We randomly divided 80 rabbits into 4 groups: a normal control group (group N, n=20); a high-fat diet group (group HC, n=20); a high-fat diet and Atorvastatin calcium intervention group (group AI, n=20); and a high-fat diet and ASMq intervention group (group MI, n=20). For evaluation of blood lipid profiles, blood samples were collected at week 0 and at the end of week 8. Aortic valve samples were taken at weeks 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 for atomic force microscopy (AFM) examination of endothelial cell nanostructures, and at week 8 for pathological examinations.
RESULTS: Triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein HDL levels of rabbits in group HC were significantly different from those in group N (P<0.01). TG, TC, LDL, and HDL values of rabbits in group MI were significantly different from rabbits in group HC (P<0.05). Pathological examination revealed that the aortic valves from rabbits in group MI were visibly clear, with strong endothelial cell continuity. No infiltration of macrophages or other inflammatory cells nor subendothelial calcium deposition was found when compared with rabbits in group HC.
CONCLUSIONS: ASMq therapy can delay the onset of degenerative calcific aortic valve disease, and its effects are similar to those of Atorvastatin.
Keywords: Aortic Valve, Hyperlipidemias, Microscopy, Atomic Force