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Albuminuria and Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients with Non-Diabetic Chronic Kidney Disease

Meng-Jie Huang, Ri-bao Wei, Jing Zhao, Ting-yu Su, Qing-ping Li, Xi Yang, Xiang-mei Chen

Department of Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Chinese PLA Institute of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease Research, Beijing, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4447-4453

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.903660

Available online:

Published: 2017-09-15


BACKGROUND: Albuminuria has been associated with cardiovascular events, but whether such an association can be explained by endothelial dysfunction is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the relationship between the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) and biomarkers of endothelial function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional associations of renal dysfunction and UACR with procoagulant and inflammatory factors were evaluated for 151 consecutive CKD (stage 3–5) patients. Subjects were grouped by UACR (≤300 mg/g or >300 mg/g) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (30≤ eGFR <60, 15≤ eGFR <30, or eGFR <15 ml/min per 1.73 m²).
RESULTS: A higher UACR level was associated with an increase in von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF: Ag) levels, vWF activity, factor VIII, interleukin-2, and log (interleukin-6), even after adjustment for risk factors. Linear regression analysis indicated that for every 88.5 mg/g increase in UACR, the vWF activity and factor VIII were elevated by 8.3% and 6.3%, respectively. The factorial design ANOVA data showed no statistically significant interaction between UACR and CKD stage with procoagulant and inflammatory factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows an eGFR-independent association of higher UACR with elevations in markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory factors in CKD patients.

Keywords: endothelial cells, Proteinuria, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic



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