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Raf Kinase Inhibitor Protein (RKIP) Inhibits Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) Induced Adhesion Molecules Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Bells by Suppressing (Nuclear Transcription Factor-κB (NF-kappaB) Pathway

Shen-Hong Jing, Xuan Gao, Bo Yu, Hong Qiao

Department of Cardiovascular, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4789-4797

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.903661

Available online:

Published: 2017-10-06


BACKGROUND: Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) regulates growth and differentiation and plays a role in key signal transduction cascades in mammalian cells. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism for which RKIP regulates cell-cell adhesion remains unknown. Our study investigated the function of the RKIP overexpression on adhesion molecules expression induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in cultured mouse vascular smooth muscle cells (MOVACs).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were detected by ELISA kit, reverse transcription-PCR, and western blot assays. The protein expression of RKIP, p65, and inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-κBα (IκBα) were detected by western blot analysis. The activity of NF-kappaB was determined using a Dual-Luciferase Reporter assay.
RESULTS: The results showed that MOVACs transfected with pCMV5-HA-RKIP significantly inhibited TNF-α induced mRNA and protein expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. The adhesion of THP-1 cells was also detected and inhibited by pCMV5-HA-RKIP in TNF-α-treated MOVACs. RKIP also suppressed the TNF-α-induced activation of NF-kappaB and the protein expression of phosphorylated IκB-α, and promoted the protein expression of IkB-α and nuclear translocation of p65 NF-kappaB. Furthermore, RKIP and the inhibitor of NF-kappaB (BAY11-7082) reduced the upregulation of ICAM-1 and VACM-1 induced by TNF-α.
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results suggested that RKIP may inhibit the TNF-α-induced expression of adhesion molecules in MOVACs through inactivation of the NF-kappaB pathway.

Keywords: Cell Adhesion Molecules, Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein, Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha



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