Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

13 January 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Inhibition of mircoRNA-34a Enhances Survival of Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells Under Oxidative Stress

Yang Liu1234AEG*, Xiaohu Zhang34BCE, Jie Chen5F, Tingyu Li2DG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904618

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR264-271


BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are broadly used for many diseases, but the efficacy of MSC engraftment is very low due to low viability and high cell death rate under a stressful microenvironment. The present study aimed to investigate whether microRNA-34a (miR-34a), which is a downstream target of P53, is involved in H2O2-induced MSC cell death.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human bone marrow MSCs (hMSCs) were purchased from Lonza and were cultured as previously described. hMSCs were transfected with miR-34a inhibitor and exposed to H2O2. Cell proliferation assay was used to assess the survival rate of hMSCs. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were used to examine proliferation and survival ability of hMSCs.

RESULTS: H2O2 exposure significantly increased miR-34a expression in human bone marrow MSCs. H2O2 challenge induced massive MSC cell death along with reduction of expression of proliferation marker Ki67 and survival-related genes Bcl-2 and Survivin. Transfection of miR-34a inhibitor anti-34a led to a significant protective effect and rescued MSC cell death triggered by H2O2 exposure by 50%. Moreover, anti-34a dramatically increased Bcl-2 and Ki67 mRNA expression levels by over 10-fold compared to the mock control group under H2O2 exposure. The protein levels of Bcl-2 and Survivin were also rescued by anti-34a treatment by 50%.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that miR-34a plays a key role in oxidative stress-induced MSC cell death, and targeting miR-34a might be a promising strategy to enhance the survival rate of engrafted stem cells, which may improve therapeutic outcome.

Keywords: mesenchymal stromal cells


Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416