Silencing of Urothelial Carcinoma Associated 1 Inhibits the Proliferation and Migration of Medulloblastoma Cells
Xie Zhengyuan, Xiao Hu, Wang Qiang, Li Nanxiang, Cai Junbin, Zhang Wangming
Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4454-4461
UCA1 is a long non-coding RNA that has been found to be aberrantly upregulated in various cancers. The aim of this study was to determine the expression level and function of UCA1 in medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor during childhood.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of UCA1 in medulloblastoma specimens and cell lines. Lentiviral-mediated expression of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting UCA1 or a negative control shRNA was also achieved with the medulloblastoma cell line, Daoy. Cell proliferation and cell cycle progression were subsequently characterized with cell counting kit (CCK)-8 and flow cytometry. Cell migration was examined in wound healing and Transwell migration assays.
RESULTS: Levels of UCA1 mRNA were higher in the medulloblastoma specimens (p<0.05) and cell lines (p<0.05) compared to the corresponding nontumor adjacent tissue specimens and a glioblastoma cell line, respectively. For the Daoy cells with silenced UCA1, their proliferation was reduced by 30% compared to the Daoy cells expressing a negative control shRNA (p=0.017). Cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase, resulting in a decreased number of cells in the S phase, as well as reduced cell migration in both wound scratch healing (p=0.001) and Transwell migration assays (p=0.021) were also observed for the Daoy cells with silenced UCA1.
CONCLUSIONS: UCA1 was highly expressed in part of medulloblastoma specimens and cell lines examined. In addition, knockdown of UCA1 significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of medulloblastoma cells in vitro.
Keywords: Cell Migration Assays, Cell Proliferation, Medulloblastoma, RNA, Long Noncoding