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Correlation Between Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) C677T Polymorphisms and Pemetrexed Chemotherapy Efficacy/Toxicity in Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Gaochen Lan, Lin Lin, Xiong Chen, Libin Chen, Xi Chen

Department of Medical Oncology, Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Fuzhou, Fujian, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5683-5689

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904836

Available online:

Published: 2017-11-29

BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to retrospectively analyze the correlation between toxicity of pemetrexed (PEM) chemotherapy and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphisms in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (non-sq NSCLC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used polymerase chain reaction, gene scanning, and restriction fragment length polymorphism to analyze MTHFR C677T in 51 patients with advanced non-sq NSCLC. The patients received chemotherapies with single-agent PEM (monotherapy group) or with PEM combined with cisplatin (joint group). The correlation between MTHFR C677T polymorphisms and chemotherapy efficacy/toxicity was also assessed.
RESULTS: There were 40 patients in the monotherapy group and 11 patients in the joint group. Among the 40 patients received single-agent PEM chemotherapy, those with the CT/TT genotype had higher incidence of leukopenia, neutropenia, nausea, and fatigue compared to patients with the with wild-type genotype CC (all P<0.05). However, polymorphisms of MTHFR C677T were not significantly associated with other adverse events and clinical outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with genotype CC (the wild type), patients with the CT/TT genotype had higher incidence of leukopenia, neutropenia, nausea, and fatigue. Therefore, the MTHFR C677T polymorphism could be a predictive factor for leukopenia, neutropenia, nausea, and fatigue toxicities in non-sq NSCLC patients treated with single-agent PEM.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Medical Oncology, Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2), Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Toxicity Tests