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04 June 2017 : Laboratory Research  

Genome-Wide Profiling of miRNA and mRNA Expression in Alzheimer’s Disease

Wan-Sheng Chang1E*, Yong-Hong Wang1E, Xiao-Tun Zhu1E, Chuan-Jie Wu2E

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905064

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2721-2731

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to identify key differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) which can serve as potential biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy of Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed miRNA and mRNA integrated analysis (MMIA) to identify DEGs and DEmiRNAs of AD. The AD-specific DEmiRNAs-targets interaction network was contrasted. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed. Q-RT-PCR was used to verify the expression of selected DEGs and DEmiRNAs.

RESULTS: We conducted MMIA of AD based on 1 miRNA dataset and 3 mRNA datasets derived from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database; 1759 DEGs and 12 DEmiRNAs were obtained. DEGs of AD were significantly enriched in Huntington’s disease and AD. LRP1, CDK5R1, PLCb2, NDUFA4, and DLG4 were 5 DEGs regulated by 4 DEmiRNAs, including miR-26b-5p, miR-26a-5p, miR-107, and miR-103a-3p. These 4 miRNAs were the top 4 miRNAs covering most DEGs. According to the qRT-PCR results, the expression of PLCβ2, NDUFA4, DLG4, miR-107, and miR-103a-3p was consistent with our integrated analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that LRP1, CDK5R1, PLCβ2, NDUFA4, and DLG4 may play a role in AD regulated by miR-26b-5p, miR-26a-5p, miR-107, and miR-103a-3p. Our findings will contribute to identification of biomarkers and new strategies for drug design for AD treatment.

Keywords: Alzheimer Disease, Biological Markers, Gene Regulatory Networks

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416