Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

12 January 2018 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Multislice Spiral Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging for the Efficacy of Preoperative Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Middle-aged and Elderly Patients with Locally Advanced Gastric Cancer

Jian-Xiao Liang1AF*, Xiu-Juan Bi1BE, Xiao-Mei Li2CE, Zhen-Li Gao1BC, Feng Suo1E, En-Gang Cui1D, Hong-Fu Li1FG, Hai-Lian Lv3E

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905143

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR235-245

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) perfusion imaging for the efficacy of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in middle-aged and elderly patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred twenty-six middle-aged and elderly patients with LAGC were selected. MSCT was performed before and after CCRT to obtain perfusion parameters: blood flow volume (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT), and permeability surface (PS). After CCRT, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), patients were categorized into the effective group and the ineffective group. Overall survival rate was measured by Kaplan-Meier analysis. ROC curve was applied to evaluate the predictive value of perfusion parameters. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the association of perfusion parameters with the efficacy of preoperative treatment.

RESULTS: Tumor volume reduction rates of the effective and ineffective groups were 59.23±8.53% and 10.41±3.36%. BF, BV, and PS values in the effective group were significantly decreased after CCRT. ROC curves indicated high sensitivities and specificities of BF value (79.00%, 73.44%), BV value (71.00%, 75.00%), and PS value (82.30%, 90.63%). The incidence rate of weakness and anorexia in the effective group was much higher than that in the ineffective group. Patients with low BF, BV, and PS values (less their optimal cutoff values) had longer survival times than these with high BF, BV, and PS values.

CONCLUSIONS: MSCT might have predictive values for the efficacy of preoperative CCRT in the treatment of LAGC.

Keywords: chemoradiotherapy, multidetector computed tomography, perfusion imaging, Self Efficacy, Stomach Neoplasms

Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416