Andrea Ciorba, Piotr Henryk Skarżyński, Virginia Corazzi, Chiara Bianchini, Claudia Aimoni, Stavros Hatzopoulos
Clinic of Audiology and ENT, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:6144-6149
A number of electrophysiological tests have been proposed for the initial diagnostic assessment or for the follow-up phase of patients affected by Ménière disease. The most common are: (i) vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs); (ii) electrocochleography (ECochG); and (iii) otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). This paper presents the latest clinical developments with these 3 testing modalities.
The PubMed, Embase, and Cinahl databases were searched from 2006 to December 2016. Full-text articles were obtained in cases where the title, abstract, or key words suggested that the study may be eligible for this review. The medical subject heading (MeSH) terms included the following: Ménière, hearing threshold, vestibule, otoacoustic emissions, inner ear, ECochG, VEMPs. There were 368 identified papers, out of which 87 were eligible for inclusion.
Overall the data in the literature are still limited and the recommended procedures have not reached an international consensus. From the available data, one can conclude that none of the electrophysiological tests could be considered as pathognomonic, for the diagnosis of Ménière disease: presently, the tests could be mostly used in a supportive role to the clinical diagnosis. Hopefully, in the future, improved technology in electrophysiological testing could contribute to the development of better strategies for the diagnosis of Ménière disease.
Keywords: Hearing Loss, Meniere Disease, Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, Vestibule, Labyrinth