Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

24 December 2017 : Clinical Research  

Alcohol Screening in a National Referral Hospital: An Observational Study from Qatar

Ayman El-Menyar12ACDE*, Rafael Consunji3ADE, Ahammed Mekkodathil1ABE, Ruben Peralta4AEF, Hassan Al-Thani4ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905201

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:6082-6088

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is a high-risk factor for several medical disorders and traffic accidents and poses a burden on outpatient clinics and emergency units. We aimed to assess the pattern of alcohol screening among patients in a multicultural setting in a national referral hospital in an Arab Middle-Eastern country.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for patients who were screened with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in the Emergency Department (ED) in the period from January 2009 to December 2012. BAC positive and negative patients were compared, and BAC positive patients were classified into mmol/L (Group 1: BAC 0.1–10.8 (less intoxicated); Group 2: BAC 10.9–21.7 (intoxicated), and Group 3: >21.7 mmol/L (intoxicated at CNS depression level).

RESULTS: A total of 9417 patient visits were screened for BAC during the study period (an average of 4.87 per 1000 ED visits); 38% of these tested positive. Most screened persons were males (97%) with a mean age of 37.5±11.6 years. There was a steady increase in BAC screening initially (3.18 per 1000 ED visits in 2009 and 7.47 in 2012). However, the proportion of BAC-positives per total screened decreased steadily over the years, from 50% in 2008 to 33% in 2012. There were more BAC positives (92% vs. 81%, p<0.05) in patients seeking medical vs. non-medical assessment. Among BAC positives, Group 3 patients had higher HLOS (p=0.001), but the ICU-LOS was comparable.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the absence of a clinical protocol for alcohol screening, this study shows that alcohol consumption has a serious impact in ED visits and hospitalizations, even in a country that partially prohibits alcohol drinking. Implementing a protocol for the screening of alcohol misuse among select hospitalized patients should be considered in the ED.

Keywords: Alcoholic Intoxication, Alcoholism, Emergency Service, Hospital

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416