High RNA-Binding Motif Protein 3 (RBM3) Expression is Independently Associated with Prolonged Overall Survival in Intestinal-Type Gastric Cancer
Fangpeng Ye, Peisheng Jin, Xiaoniao Cai, PeiPei Cai, Huimin Cai
Department of Gastroenterology, Ruian People’s Hospital, Ruian, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:6033-6041
High expression of the RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) has previously been described as a favorable clinicopathological factor in several cancers, including ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the prognostic implications of RBM3 expression in gastric cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of RBM3 expression from 123 patients showed that upregulated RBM3 was mainly found in intestinal-type (n=78, case=59) cancer compared to diffuse-type (n=15, case=8) and mixed-type (n=30, case=17). There were no significant differences in RBM3 expression in subgroups of clinicopathological parameters. RBM3 expression was strongly associated with p53 but not with Ki-67. Cox univariate analysis revealed that high RBM3 expression was closely associated with prolonged overall survival time (HR 0.504, 95% CI: 0.300–0.845, P=0.009). Multivariate analysis remained supporting these associations when adjusted for age, sex, tumor size, differentiation grade, TNM stage, lymphatic invasion, and Ki-67 and p53 expression (HR 0.541, 95% CI: 0.308–0.952, P=0.033), where Lauren grade was not included. Lauren grade was the only factor with independent prognostic significance in a model adjusted for all factors. These results were confirmed by Kaplan-Meier analysis.
RESULTS: Therefore, together with the upregulated RBM3 expression observed in intestinal-type of Lauren grade, we suggest that upregulation of RBM3 is partially responsible for the favorable overall survival in cases with intestinal Lauren grade, which is demonstrated by the box diagram and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Our results showed that high RBM3 expression in gastric cancer is mainly found in intestinal-type of Lauren grade and is associated with longer overall survival time.
CONCLUSIONS: We found that RBM3 is a potential biomarker of good prognosis and deserves further validation.
Keywords: Intestinal Diseases, Prognosis, RNA-Binding Proteins, Stomach Neoplasms