PI3K-Akt Signal Transduction Molecules Maybe Involved in Downregulation of Erythroblasts Apoptosis and Perifosine Increased Its Apoptosis in Chronic Mountain Sickness
Chengyu Zhao, Zhanquan Li, Linhua Ji, Jie Ma, Ri-Li Ge, Sen Cui
Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5637-5649
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) has a higher incidence in the plateau region. The one of its principal characters is excessive erythrocytosis. The PI3K-Akt pathway plays an important role in the process of erythropoiesis, and could downregulate apoptosis by regulating apoptosis-related molecules. In this paper, we explored the change in apoptosis of erythroblasts and the effect of the PI3K-Akt signal pathway on erythroblasts apoptosis in CMS.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 22 CMS and 20 non-CMS participants were involved in this study. Bone marrow mononuclear cells were cultured and treated with celecoxib and perifosine in vitro for 72 hours. The apoptotic rate, the mRNA expressions of Akt, Bcl-xl, and caspase-9, and the protein expressions of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-xl, and caspase-9 were determined by flow cytometry, quantitative RT-PCR, and western-blot technique.
RESULTS: The apoptotic rate of cultured erythroblasts was lower in the CMS group than in the non-CMS group. It was increased after perifosine intervention. The mRNA and protein expressions of Akt and Bcl-xl were higher and caspase-9 was lower in the CMS group than the non-CMS group. Perifosine induced decreased Bcl-xl mRNA and proteins and p-Akt proteins, and increased caspase-9 mRNA and proteins in vitro. In the CMS group, the hemoglobin concentration was correlated with apoptotic rate negatively and with Bcl-xl mRNA positively in erythroblasts; the erythroblasts apoptotic rate was negatively associated with the Akt mRNA and Bcl-xl mRNA.
CONCLUSIONS: The erythroblasts apoptosis was downregulated and the PI3K-Akt signal pathway appeared to be involved in the mechanism of decreased erythroblasts apoptosis in CMS.
Keywords: Altitude Sickness, Apoptosis, Erythroblasts, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases