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Maxillary Cortical Bone Thickness in a South-Eastern Anatolian Population: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Study

Ozkan Adiguzel, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Seda Falakaloglu, Suzan Cangul, Zeki Akkus

Department of Endodontics, Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Diyarbakir, Turkey

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5812-5817

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.906229

Available online:

Published: 2017-12-07


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure the distance between the maxillary premolar and molar teeth apices to the buccal cortical bone and evaluate differences in gender and age group, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study comprised of 451 premolar and molar teeth of one hundred and thirteen patients who were admitted to Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology for different reasons. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-tests and Tukey HSD tests.
RESULTS: There was significant difference in buccal bone thickness by gender (p<0.05). The thinnest point of the maxillary buccal bone was measured in women as 2.11 mm and in men as 2.02 mm in the first premolar teeth. The thickest point of maxillary buccal bone was measured in women as 9.87 mm and in men 10.71 mm palatinal root of the first molar. A comparison of buccal bone thickness between age showed a statistically significant difference at the distobuccal and palatinal roots of the first molar, at the mesiobuccal root of the second molar (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The measurements of maxillar buccal bone thickness using CBCT for various dental procedures especially in endodontic surgery, orthodontic mini implant treatment, dental implant procedures, and healing after tooth extraction that are important knowledge.

Keywords: Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Maxilla, Tooth



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