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04 January 2018 : Clinical Research  

Human Papilloma Viruses and Their Genotype Distribution in Women with High Socioeconomic Status in Central Anatolia, Turkey: A Pilot Study

Mert Ulaş Barut1ABCDEFG*, Engin Yildirim2B, Mehmet Kahraman3BF, Murat Bozkurt4ACDEFG, Necat Imirzalioğlu5CF, Ayhan Kubar5CEF, Eray Çalişkan6DEF, Sibel Sak1EF, Tarık Aksu5E

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.906652

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR58-66

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the present study we retrospectively evaluated the results of outpatients who had an HPV analysis, and present objective evidence for the administration of preventive inoculation in our area.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 532 outpatients who visited a single center between 2012 and 2016 and had an HPV infection analysis. The criteria for inclusion of patients with unhealthy cervix in the study were: erosion, chronic cervicitis, healed lacerations, hypertrophied cervix, and abnormal discharges from the cervix.

RESULTS: We found that 122 out of 532 patients were infected with HPV, and the rate of multiple infections was 59.0% (72/122). HR-HPV (group 1 carcinogens HPV-16 (18.9%, 23/122), HPV-18 (13.1%, 16/122), HPV- 31 (4.9%, 6/122), HPV-33 (3.3%, 4/122), HPV-35 (7.4.9%/122), HPV-39 (5.7%, 7/122), HPV-45 (5.7%, 7/122), HPV-51 (11.5%, 15/122); Group 3 LR-HPV; HPV-6 (31.1%, 38/122), HPV-11 (26.2%, 32/122), HPV-42 (9.0%, 11/122) and HPV-43 (4.9%, 6/122). In terms of linear-by-linear association test, no significant statistical difference was identified between years. The P value for HPV infection rate on year basis was P>0.05.

CONCLUSIONS: In this hospital-based retrospective analysis, HPV types were found to be similar to HPV types reported in developed countries. We firmly suggest that patients should be informed about the risk of HPV infection at early ages.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Genotype, Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests, Hybridization, Genetic

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416