Learning Curve for Surgical Treatment of Acetabular Fractures: A Retrospective Clinical Study of a Practical and Theoretical Training Course
Haci Bayram Tosun, Sancar Serbest, Seyit Ali Gümüştaş, Abuzer Uludag, Suat Celik
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5218-5229
Surgical treatment of acetabular fracture and the anatomic reconstruction of the hip joint are difficult to achieve due to the complex pelvic anatomy, and surgical training requires a prolonged and steep learning curve. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an applied training course, including cadaveric dissection, for the surgical treatment of acetabular fractures.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 35 patients who underwent surgical treatment for acetabulum fractures between 2012–2016. Patients were divided into three groups during two training courses, for the first two years and second two years. The surgical treatment was performed through single or combined standard approaches, according to the fracture pattern. The radiological outcome was evaluated using Matta’s criteria to grade postoperative reduction and final radiological outcome and the restoration of the hip joint center (HJC). The clinical outcome was evaluated using the modified the Merle d’Aubigné-Postel (DAP) hip score.
RESULTS: Both post-course groups had statistically better functional and radiological outcomes compared with the pre-course group. Depending on the learning curve, the mean duration of surgery decreased from 153 minutes to 82.3 minutes. Although there was no statistical difference between groups in the vertical shift of the HJC, there was a statistically significant in the amount of horizontal shift of the HJC in the second two years of training, compared with the other groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Functional and radiological outcome of surgical treatment of acetabular fracture may be improved with increased training, depending on the learning curve.
Keywords: Education, Distance, Fractures, Bone, learning curve, Pelvic Bones