Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

11 January 2018 : Clinical Research  

Length of Stay and Functional Outcomes Among Patients with Stroke Discharged from an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility in Saudi Arabia

Saad M. Bindawas1ABCDEFG*, Vishal Vennu1ACDE, Hussam Mawajdeh2ABE, Hisham M. Alhaidary2BCDE, Emad Moftah13CDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907452

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR207-214

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In many countries, the length of stay (LOS) for inpatient rehabilitation following stroke has gradually decreased. It is unclear whether this trend is associated with differences in functional outcomes, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to examine associations between LOS and functional outcomes among patients with stroke discharged from an inpatient rehabilitation facility in Saudi Arabia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients (N=409) aged ≥18 years who were admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation for stroke during 2008–2014. There were no deaths in the cohort during the study period. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to days of rehabilitation: ≤30 days (n=114), 31–60 days (n=199), 61–90 days (n=72), and >90 days (n=24). Multivariate regression analyses were used to evaluate functional outcomes using the functional independence measure (FIM).

RESULTS: The fully adjusted model showed that higher total and subscale FIM scores were significantly associated with a LOS ≤30 days (total β: 18.2, standard error [SE]=4.43, P≤0.0001; motor-FIM: β=13.9, SE=3.70, P=0.0002; cognitive-FIM: β=4.3, SE=1.29, P=0.001), and 31–60 days (total β: 11.3, SE=4.07, P=0.005; motor-FIM: β=8.8, SE=3.40, P=0.009; cognitive-FIM: β=2.4, SE=1.19, P=0.038) compared with >90 days.

CONCLUSIONS: A short or intermediate LOS is not necessarily associated with worse outcomes, assuming adequate care is provided.

Keywords: Length of Stay, Rehabilitation, Stroke

Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416