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05 January 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Long Non-Coding RNAs Serve as Diagnostic Biomarkers of Preeclampsia and Modulate Migration and Invasiveness of Trophoblast Cells

Xiucui Luo1DEF, Xiaoqiong Li2ABCG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907808

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR84-91

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as crucial regulators of tumor progression. However, the effects of lncRNAs in preeclampsia are not entirely clear. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the potential of lncRNAs to serve as biomarkers in preeclampsia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The RNA expression levels of lncRNAs (NR_027457, BC030099, AF037219, NR_024178, AF085938, G43016, G36948, NR_029420, NR_024015, AK002210, NR_026643, and AL049277) in the serum of patients with preeclampsia and in the serum of normal controls were measured by qRT-PCR. The area under the curve (AUC), the optimal cut-off values, the specificity, and the sensitivity of NR_027457, AF085938, G36948, and AK002210 were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We designed RNA interference species to suppress NR_027457 and G36948 and identified the roles of NR_027457 and G36948 in the functions of a trophoblast cell line (HTR-8/SVneo).

RESULTS: The qRT-PCR results indicated that NR_027457 and AF085938 were significantly up-regulated, whereas G36948 and AK002210 were significantly down-regulated in preeclampsia. We found that NR_027457, AF085938, G36948, and AK002210 had potential diagnostic value for the detection of preeclampsia. Furthermore, the levels of NR_027457, AF085938, G36948, and AK002210 in the serum of patients were significantly different before vs. after surgery. The silencing of NR_027457 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells, while the silencing of G36948 promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells.

CONCLUSIONS: NR_027457, AF085938, G36948, and AK002210 can serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers in preeclampsia, and NR_027457 and G36948 might be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.

Keywords: Pre-Eclampsia

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416