Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

04 June 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Activation of Sonic Hedgehog Signaling Is Associated with Human Osteosarcoma Cells Radioresistance Characterized by Increased Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion

Wei Qu12ABCF, Dichen Li23ABCG, Yufei Wang4ABDEFG*, Qining Wu1BDE, Dingjun Hao1ACDFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908278

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR3764-3771

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Radioresistance restricts the application of radiotherapy in human osteosarcoma (OS). This study investigated the molecular mechanism of radioresistance in OS, which may provide clues to finding ideal targets for genetic therapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The human OS cell line MG63 was employed as parent cells. After repeat low-dose X-ray irradiation of MG63, the radioresistant OS cell line MG63R was produced. Colony formation assay was used to assess the radioresistance. Cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, and wound healing assay was used to evaluate invasive capacity. The nuclear translocation was evaluated by fluorescent immunohistochemistry. Protein expression levels were assessed by Western blotting. Specific siRNA against Shh was used to silence Shh.

RESULTS: More survival colony formation, elevated cell viability, less cell apoptosis, and increased wound closure were found in MG63R than in MG63 cells exposed to irradiation. The nuclear translocation of Gli, expression levels of Shh, Smo, Ptch1, Bcl2, active MMP2, and active MMP9 were increased in MG63R cells compared with MG63 cells. Transfection of Shh-siRNA suppressed expression levels of Shh, Smo, Ptch1, Bcl2, active MMP2, and active MMP9, as well as the nuclear translocation of Gli in MG63R cells. The cell viability, survival colony formation, and wound closure were impaired, whereas cell apoptosis was increased, in siRNA-transfected MG63R cells than in control MG63R cells exposed to irradiation.

CONCLUSIONS: Activation of Shh signaling was involved in radioresistance of OS cells. Blocking this signaling can impair the radioresistance capacity of OS cells.

Keywords: Hedgehog Proteins, Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416