Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

11 January 2018 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Levels and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Burst Fractures

Fetullah Kuyumcu1ABDEG, Abdurrahman Aycan1ACDF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908312

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR225-234

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Spinal burst fractures are pathologies that occur in spinal injuries and cause significant mortality and morbidity as a result. Burst fractures in spinal cord injuries can result in rapid and significant oxidative stress. In addition to the primary injury in severe spinal cord injuries, subsequent secondary lesions are mainly due to inflammatory cascade activation and excessive production of free radicals. This study evaluated oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme levels in burst fractures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with burst fractures were diagnosed and underwent surgery and 20 healthy control subjects were included in the study. Neurological status was evaluated using the American Spine Injury Association Impairment Scale (ASIA) before and after surgery. Neurological function was scored as ASIA A: complete deficits, ASIA B–D: incomplete deficits, and ASIA E: neurologically intact. Spectrophotometry was performed to measure malondialdehyde (MDA) and low glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels, which represent lipid peroxide content. Evaluations were performed within 2 days after injury in the patients.

RESULTS: MDA levels were higher in the burst fracture group (p<0.001), whereas GSH and SOD activities were higher in the control group (both p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in GPx levels between the groups (p=0.482).

CONCLUSIONS: Oxidative stress appears to be related to burst fractures. Considering the importance of burst fractures in spinal cord injuries, a better understanding of these mechanisms may help in defining the role of oxidative stress after burst fractures. Prospective, randomized, controlled trials may reveal new therapeutic approaches that include antioxidants for explosive fractures focusing on oxidative stress.

Keywords: Glutathione, Glutathione Peroxidase, Malondialdehyde, Spinal Fractures, Superoxide Dismutase

Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416