Comprehensive Assessment of the Psychological Burden for Students in Physical Education Classes in Chinese Universities
Xuemei Wei, Zhen Liu
Department of Physical Education, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2018; 24:79-83
Available online: 2018-05-15
Physical education (PE) is part of the curriculum in Chinese universities. The psychological burden, or anxiety levels, for students in PE classes, can result from several factors, including teaching content, teaching environment, and the organization of the teaching methods. The aim of this study was to assess the psychological burden on students in PE classes in Chinese universities.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 400 students (200 men and 200 women) from a Chinese university, who participated in PE classes. The distribution of the levels of psychological burden associated with PE was assessed using subjective measurements and a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method that to provide an integrated framework combining the results of judgments made at multiple stages of the evaluation process.
RESULTS: Of the 400 study participants who attended PE classes, 61.5% of male students and 47.5% of female students coped well or very well when dealing with the perceived psychological burden; 33.5% of male students and 42.5% of female students reported a medium level of psychological burden. Few students reported a high level of psychological burden associated with PE classes. The average psychological burden in female students was greater than for male students who participated in PE classes.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of subjective measurement of the psychological burden associated with PE classes by university students in China, combined with a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method showed that female university students might require more support than male students to overcome any psychological burden associated with PE classes.
Keywords: Academic Medical Centers, Physical Education and Training, Stress, Psychological, Students, Health Occupations