Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

23 February 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Hypogelsolinemia in Patients Diagnosed with Acute Myeloid Leukemia at Initial Stage of Sepsis

Marzena Wątek12ACDE, Urszula Wnorowska3ACE, Tomasz Wollny1BEF, Bonita Durnaś4BC, Przemysław Wolak5BC, Sylwia Kościołek-Zgódka1BC, Marcin Pasiarski1EF, Stanisław Góźdź14EF, Robert Bucki3ACDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911904

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1452-1458

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Gelsolin (GSN) is an actin-binding and PIP₂/Ca²⁺-regulated protein found in the cytoplasm and blood plasma. Hypogelsolinemia occurs in a wide range of traumatic injuries and inflammatory reactions. We hypothesize that blood GSN levels will be altered in patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that develop sepsis, and assessment of GSN concentration will be a useful marker to determine their clinical outcome. To achieve this task, we evaluated the plasma gelsolin concentration in blood samples collected from patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at initial stages of sepsis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess if AML patients might be at risk of sepsis, a SOFA score was determined. Plasma gelsolin concentration was evaluated using an immunoblotting technique.

RESULTS: We found that GSN concentration in the blood of the AML group with developing sepsis was significantly lower (32±41 µg/ml; p<0.05) compared to the AML group (65±35 µg/ml) and control group (176±37 µg/ml; p<0.001). Additionally, low gelsolin concentration in the blood of AML patients developing sepsis was associated with a high SOFA score. A decrease of GSN concentration in the blood of AML subjects with developing sepsis suggests that GSN level in blood reflects not only chronic inflammation stage associated with leukemia, but that GSN depletion also manifests the inflammation associated with sepsis development.

CONCLUSIONS: The results presented here suggest the possible utility of GSN evaluation for diagnostic purposes. Overall, these data support the that reversing plasma GSN deficiency might be a possible new strategy in sepsis treatment.

Keywords: C-Reactive Protein, Gelsolin, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Sepsis, Adult, Aged, biomarkers, Middle Aged

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416