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Retrospective Analysis of 9 Cases of Primary Pulmonary Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma and Literature Review

Chuan Du, Jianquan Zhang, Yan Wei, Jing Bai, Min Chao Duan, GuangNan Liu, Zhiyi He, Jingmin Deng

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2018; 24:233-240

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.912762

Available online: 2018-12-24

Published: 2018-12-24


BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoma tissue lymphoma is rare and is often misdiagnosed because of its diverse and nonspecific clinical features. The aim of this study was to raise awareness among clinicians and to share our experience of treating and managing such patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between 1 January 2009 and 31 October 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. All cases were confirmed via pathology and immunohistochemistry. In addition, we reviewed all relevant literature.
RESULTS: Altogether, 21 patients (7 female, 14 male) with a median age of 54 (range, 19–84) years were diagnosed with primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoma. Expiratory dyspnea, repeated cough and expectoration, and weight loss were the most common symptoms. Pulmonary lesions were found via physical examination in 10 patients who had no obvious symptoms. Chest computed tomography showed nodules, pulmonary consolidation, bronchial bronchogram, ground-glass opacity, and mediastinal lymph node enlargement. Some patients were misdiagnosed with tuberculosis and pneumonia, while others were initially diagnosed with cancer. Tumor pathology and immunocytochemistry indicated primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoma tissue lymphoma. Six patients underwent chemotherapy, 5 underwent surgery, 4 underwent surgery and chemotherapy, 3 were only observed, and 3 refused treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The development of primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is slow and insidious. Having no specific clinical symptoms and imaging findings, it is easily misdiagnosed. Final diagnosis is made via pathologic evaluation and immunohistochemistry. Surgery and chemotherapy are the primary treatment modalities and yield a good prognosis.

Keywords: Lung Neoplasms, Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin