Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

27 April 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Downregulation of G Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) is Associated with Reduced Prognosis in Patients with Gastric Cancer

Shan Tian1BCF, Na Zhan2CD, Ruixue Li1BE, Weiguo Dong1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913634

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3115-3126

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of the expression of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in gastric cancer tissue using bioinformatics data and immunohistochemistry.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of GPER mRNA in gastric cancer tissues and normal adjacent tissues was investigated using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and Oncomine database. Kaplan-Meier Plotter identified the association between GPER mRNA and prognosis. Correlation between GPER mRNA and DNA methylation used the cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics and the MethHC website. Genes co-expressed with GPER were identified from The Cancer Genome Atlas Stomach Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-STAD) underwent FunRich analysis. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot evaluated GPER protein expression in tissue microarrays (TMAs) and gastric cancer cell lines.

RESULTS: GPER mRNA and protein levels were significantly lower in gastric cancer tissue and cells lined when compared with normal tissues and cells. The results from GSE15459 showed that patients with low levels of GPER mRNA had a reduced overall survival (OS) (P=0.013) and disease-free survival (DFS) (P=0.019). A negative correlation (r=–0.611) between GPER mRNA and DNA methylation was found using the cBioPortal and MethHC. Co-expressed epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) genes were enriched with GPER (P<0.0001). Cox regression analysis showed that GPER protein expression was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.035)

CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of GPER predicts poor prognosis in gastric cancer. GPER may act as a tumor suppressor through the regulation of EMT in gastric cancer.

Keywords: Estrogens, Methylation, Prognosis, Stomach Neoplasms, Aged, Computational Biology, DNA Methylation, Disease-Free Survival, Down-Regulation, Immunohistochemistry, Middle Aged, RNA, Messenger, Receptors, Estrogen, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416