Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

27 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Associated Factors for Osteoporosis and Fracture in Chinese Elderly

Yuqiang Wang12BCDE, Han Ding1BCDE, Xiaohua Wang3BCD, Zhijian Wei1BCD, Shiqing Feng1A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914182

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5580-5588

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The factors associated with osteoporosis are poorly understood in the Chinese population. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with osteoporosis and with fractures in a Chinese elderly population.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of elderly people living in Tianjin between 2012 and 2014. Bone mineral density was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry. The subjects completed a questionnaire about lifestyle habits, personal and family medical history, calcium intake, and exercising. Data were gathered on occurrence of fracture at 5 years or August 2018, whichever occurred first.

RESULTS: There were 298 individuals with osteoporosis (18.5% male, median age 67 years) and 397 without (46.3% male, median age 62 years). Male sex (OR=0.051, 95% CI: 0.021–0.126), age (OR=1.049, 95% CI: 1.099–1.202), being divorced/widowed (OR=2.445, 95% CI: 1.219-4.904), digestive ulcer history (OR=3.805, 95% CI: 1.539–9.405), family history of hunchback (OR=2.659, 95% CI: 1.145–6.175), family history of osteoarthropathy (OR=4.222, 95% CI: 2.128-8.375), fracture history (OR=2.138, 95% CI: 1.307–3.496), drinking green tea (OR=0.352, 95% CI: 0.217–0.574), and exercising (OR=0.303, 95% CI: 0.193–0.475) were independently associated with osteoporosis. Digestive ulcer history (OR=3.183, 95% CI: 1.178-8.5992), exercising (OR=0.354, 95% CI: 0.139–0.903), and taking calcium supplements during follow-up (OR=0.262, 95% CI: 0.112–0.611) were independently associated with fractures in patients with osteoporosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Female sex, age, marital status, history of digestive ulcer and fracture, and family history of hunchback and osteoarthropathy are associated with osteoporosis among elderly subjects, while drinking green tea and exercising are inversely associated. Among the patients with osteoporosis, a history of digestive ulcer is associated with fractures, while exercising and taking calcium supplements are inversely associated.

Keywords: Frail Elderly, Osteoporosis, Risk Factors, Absorptiometry, Photon, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Asians, Bone Density, Calcium, China, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dietary Supplements, Exercise, Fractures, Bone, Life Style, Middle Aged

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416