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12 May 2019 : Review article  

Autologous Breast Reconstruction with Transverse Rectus Abdominis Musculocutaneous (TRAM) or Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator (DIEP) Flaps: An Analysis of the 100 Most Cited Articles

Aijia Cai1ABCDEF*, Jan Suckau1ABCDEF, Andreas Arkudas1E, Justus P. Beier12DE, Arash Momeni3ACDE, Raymund E. Horch1ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914665

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3520-3536


ABSTRACT: Post-mastectomy autologous reconstruction with abdominal tissue has evolved over the past 4 decades and is a common reconstructive modality today. To gain more insight into this evolution, we performed an analysis of the 100 most commonly cited articles focusing on autologous breast reconstruction with transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) or deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps. A review of the ISI Web of Knowledge database was performed. Only peer-reviewed articles in English were included for analysis. Articles were ranked by their total citations as well as citation density (citations divided by years since publication). The 100 most cited articles were analyzed by their bibliographic parameters. The 100 most cited articles were published in 12 journals. The highest ranked plastic surgery journal published almost 2/3 of the articles. All articles were published within 23 years and marked the “rising age” of autologous breast reconstruction with TRAM and DIEP flaps. The focus of clinical research changed over this time period and ranged from innovations in surgical technique to analysis of clinical outcomes, comparative analyses with other reconstructive modalities, timing of reconstruction, and preoperative diagnostic workup, as well as cost-effectiveness analyses. This literature review illustrates the dramatic change that has occurred subsequent to introduction of abdominal flaps for breast reconstruction. While the use of abdominal flaps has become widely accepted for breast reconstruction, many questions remain unanswered, thus highlighting the need for ongoing clinical investigation.

Keywords: Epigastric Arteries, Free Tissue Flaps, Mammaplasty, myocutaneous flap, Perforator Flap, Rectus Abdominis, Breast Neoplasms, Mastectomy, Patient Satisfaction, Postoperative Complications, Retrospective Studies


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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416