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Integrative Analysis of Expression Profiles of MicroRNAs and mRNAs in Treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction with Compound Longmaining Decoction

Diaodiao Bu, Zhuo Su, Mei Meng, Changli Wang

College of Pharmacy, Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9028-9041

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917925

Available online:

Published: 2019-11-28

BACKGROUND: This study identified microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs associated with Compound Longmaining (CLMN) treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our results provide a theoretical framework to guide AMI treatment and improve myocardial injury.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The myocardial tissues of the sham operation group (S), the model group (M), and the CLMN treatment group (T) were obtained. The mRNA and miRNA expression profiles were identified using RNA-sequencing analysis. The sequencing results were verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatics was used to predict the function of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and related signal transduction pathways. The target genes of miRNAs were predicted by software analysis, and the relationship between miRNA and mRNA was studied by network analysis.
RESULTS: RNA-sequencing revealed 22 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 76 DEGs in myocardial tissue. Six DEMs and 9 DEGs were randomly selected for qRT-PCR validation, and corroborating results were obtained. The results of Gene ontology (GO) showed that DEGs participated in different biological processes. Through the combined analysis of miRNAs and mRNAs expression, it was confirmed that a single miRNA is involved in the regulation of multiple genes, and also multiple miRNAs can target one gene.
CONCLUSIONS: The analysis based on the miRNA-mRNA network can not only help to elucidate the potential molecular mechanism of CLMN treatment of AMI, but can also help in identifying novel therapeutic targets.

Keywords: MicroRNAs, Myocardial Infarction, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction