Oral Health-Related Quality of Life and the Use of Oral and Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs for Pericoronitis
Abdullah Alalwani, Oğuz Buhara, Mustafa Şenol Tüzüm
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Mersin, Turkey
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9200-9206
Pericoronitis is inflammation of the tissue surrounding a third molar, or wisdom tooth. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of oral and topical analgesic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL), in terms of oral health and lifestyle, in patients with symptomatic pericoronitis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 patients who presented with pericoronitis and who did not undergo surgery within the following seven days. The patients were randomly assigned to three groups and were treated with oral diclofenac (N=20), oral flurbiprofen (N=20), and topical benzydamine (N=20). OHQoL was assessed for all study participants with a self-reported eight-item scale that was developed to evaluate pericoronitis. The total OHQoL scores were calculated for each day during the seven-day study period.
RESULTS: The study group treated with topical benzydamine had a significantly greater improvement in the OHQoL scores compared with the oral diclofenac and oral flurbiprofen groups on the first four days. Comparison of patients treated with diclofenac and flurbiprofen showed no significant differences for all seven days. A significant initial improvement in OHQoL was found on day 1 for the benzydamine group, on day 2 for the flurbiprofen group, and day 3 for the diclofenac group.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, topical benzydamine was found to be a more effective alternative to oral NSAID analgesics, diclofenac and flurbiprofen, in improving OHQoL in patients with pericoronitis.
Keywords: Analgesics, Pericoronitis, Quality of Life