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MiR-149 Aggravates Pyroptosis in Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Damage via Silencing FoxO3

Jie Lin, Haihuan Lin, Chao Ma, Fengquan Dong, Yingchun Hu, Haiying Li

Department of Cardiology, Shenzhen University General Hospital, Shenzhen, Guandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8733-8743

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918410

Available online:

Published: 2019-11-19

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which modulate the expression of their target genes, are commonly involved in stimulating and adjusting of many processes that result in cardiovascular diseases, contain cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage. However, the expression and role of miR-149 in pyroptosis mediated myocardial I/R damage remains unclear.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure the miR-149 and FoxO3 expression in I/R stimulated H9C2 cells. The cell proliferation, pyroptosis-related inflammatory genes in I/R-treated H9C2 cells transfected miR-149 mimics or miR-149 inhibitor were both explored. We predicted and confirmed miR-149 targets by using bioinformatics analyses and luciferase reporter assay. In addition, the potential relationship between miR-149 and FoxO3 in pyroptosis from I/R treated H9C2 cells was analyzed.
RESULTS: Our results showed that miR-149 was upregulated, while FoxO3 was downregulated in I/R stimulated H9C2 cells. Over-expression of miR-149 inhibited cell viability and promote pyroptosis, however, down-expression of miR-149 had an opposite effect in I/R treated H9C2 cells. Furthermore, miR-149 could negatively regulate FoxO3 expression by binding 3’UTR, whereas silencing of FoxO3 attenuated the effect of miR-149-mimics on cell proliferation and pyroptosis in I/R treated H9C2 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that miR-149 played a critical role in pyroptosis during cardiac I/R injury, and thus, might provide a novel therapeutic target.

Keywords: MicroRNAs, Myocardial Contraction, Reperfusion Injury