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02 October 2019 : Clinical Research  

Tivantinib Hampers the Proliferation of Glioblastoma Cells via PI3K/Akt/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Signaling

Yukun Wu1BC, Zhizhang Li1DE, Lijuan Zhang2AEF, Guiyang Liu3AF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919319

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7383-7390

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma, the most common and malignant glial tumor, often has poor prognosis. Tivantinib has shown its potential in treating c-Met-high carcinoma. No studies have explored whether tivantinib inhibits the development of glioblastoma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The correlation between c-Met expression and clinicopathological characteristics of glioblastoma was investigated. U251 and T98MG glioblastoma cells treated with tivantinib, PI3K inhibitor (LY294002), PI3K activator (740 Y-P), and/or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor were subjected to MTT assay or colony formation assay to evaluate cell proliferation. The expression of mTOR signaling and caspase-3 in tivantinib-treated glioblastoma cells was differentially measured by western blotting.

RESULTS: In a group of Chinese patients, expression of c-Met was elevated with the size of glioblastoma, but not with the other clinicopathological characteristics, including gender, age, grade, IDH status, 1p/19q status, and Ki67 status. High dose of tivantinib (1 μmol/L) obviously repressed the proliferation and colony formation of U251 and T98MG glioblastoma cells, but low dose (0.1 μmol/L) of tivantinib failed to retard cell proliferation. Tivantinib blocked PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling but did not change the expression of cleaved caspase-3. PI3K activator 740 Y-P (20 μmol/L) significantly rescued tivantinib-induced decrease of cell proliferation. Tivantinib (1 μmol/L) in combination with PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (0.5 μmol/L) and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin (0.1 nmol/L) largely inhibited the proliferation of glioblastoma cells.

CONCLUSIONS: c-MET inhibitor tivantinib blocks PIKE/Akt/mTOR signaling and hampers the proliferation of glioblastoma cells, which endows the drug a therapeutic effect.

Keywords: Glioblastoma, TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416