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The Effects of Photobiomodulation on MC3T3-E1 Cells via 630 nm and 810 nm Light-Emitting Diode

Biao Chang, Haixia Qiu, Hongyou Zhao, Xi Yang, Ying Wang, Tengda Ji, Yuxuan Zhang, Qi Quan, Yunqi Li, Jing Zeng, Haoye Meng, Ying Gu

Department of Laser Medicine, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8744-8752

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920396

Available online:

Published: 2019-11-19

BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation (PBM) has been explored as a promising therapeutic strategy to regulate bone cell growth; however, the effects of PBM on osteoblast cell lines remains poorly understood. In addition, as a light source of PBM, the light uniformity of light-emitting diode (LED) devices has not been given enough attention.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Here, we sought to investigate the effects of PBM on MC3T3-E1 cells via 630 nm and 810 nm light from a newly designed LED with high uniformity of light. Cell proliferation, flow cytometric analysis, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, ALP activity, Alizarin Red S staining, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were carried out to assess treatment response. MC3T3-E1 cells were irradiated with LED devices (630±5 nm and 810±10 nm, continuous wave) for 200 seconds at a power density of 5 mW/cm² once daily.
RESULTS: Increases in cell proliferation and decreases in cell apoptosis were evident following irradiation. ALP staining intensity and activity were also significantly increased following irradiation. Level of mineralization was obviously enhanced in irradiated groups compared with non-irradiated controls. qRT-PCR also showed significant increases in mRNA expression of osteocalcin (OCN) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in the irradiated groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that LED PBM could promote the proliferation, ALP staining intensity and activity, level of mineralization, gene expression of OCN and OPG of MC3T3-E1 cells, with no significant difference between the 630 nm- and 810 nm-irradiated groups.

Keywords: Laser Therapy, Low-Level, Osteoblasts, Osteoporosis