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A Regulatory Axis of circ_0008193/miR-1180-3p/TRIM62 Suppresses Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Warburg Effect in Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells Under Hypoxia

Minbiao Chen, Xiuming Huang, Liang Li, Mingfang Huang, Renzhong Cai, Xuqiang Liao

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hainan General Hospital, Haikou, Hainan, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922900

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.922900

Available online: 2020-06-15

Published: 2020-08-12

BACKGROUND: Expression profiles of circular ribonucleic acids (circRNAs) have been recently reported in lung cancers including lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Hypoxia is a hallmark of lung cancers. However, the role of hsa_circ_0008193 (circ_0008193) in LUAD under hypoxia remains to be illuminated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gene expression levels were detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and Warburg effect were detected using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, transwell assays, special kits, and xenograft experiments. The relationship among circ_0008193, micro (mi)RNA (miR)-1180-3p, and tripartite motif containing 62 (TRIM62) was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation.
RESULTS: Expression of circ_0008193 was downregulated in human LUAD tumor tissues and cell lines (A549 and H1975), accompanied by miR-1180-3p upregulation and TRIM62 downregulation. Moreover, circ_0008193 downregulation was correlated with tumor size and lymph node metastasis. Functionally, circ_0008193 overexpression inhibited cell viability, glucose uptake, lactate production, migration, and invasion, as well as expression of hexokinase II, lactate dehydrogenase A, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and MMP9 in hypoxic LUAD cells in vitro. Furthermore, tumor growth of A549 cells in vivo was also hindered by circ_0008193 overexpression. Mechanically, circ_0008193 regulated TRIM62 expression via sponging miR-1180-3p, and TRIM62 was targeted by miR-1180-3p. Both miR-1180-3p upregulation and TRIM62 downregulation could abolish the suppressive role of circ_0008193 in LUAD cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Upregulating circ_0008193 inhibited LUAD cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and Warburg effect under hypoxia in vitro and in vivo through regulation of the miR-1180-3p/TRIM62 axis.

Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, Lung Neoplasms, Pneumonia