Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

13 April 2020 : Clinical Research  

Ear Crease Features Are Associated with Complexity of Coronary Lesions

Zhongwei Liu1ABCDEFG, Chuan Qiu2ABCDF, Jing Xu1ADEF, Yong Zhang1ABDE, Qianwei Cui1BCDE, Gongchang Guan1ABCDEFG*, Shuo Pan1BCDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923343

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923343

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The presence of a Frank’s sign ear crease is closely correlated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The SYNTAX score indicates the complexity of coronary lesions. This present investigation sought to identify the correlation between SYNTAX score and several specific ear creases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four specific types of ear creases – crossing crease not originated from ear hole (CC-NEH), crossing crease originated from ear hole (CC-EH), vertical creases on the face side (VC-F), and vertical creases dividing earlobe and face (VC-EF) – were investigated in patients undergoing coronary angiography. A Frank’s sign score system was introduced based on the 4 creases. Demographic data, clinical data, and SYNTAX score were also documented. The association between ear creases and SYNTAX score, as well as the correlation between Frank’s score and SYNTAX score, were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: CC-NEH had the highest positive predictive value (positive predictive value=0.439), and VC-F had the highest negative predictive value for the detection of intermediate and high SYNTAX score (negative predictive value=1.000). VC-EF and CC-NEH were associated with intermediate and high SYNTAX scores (OR=2.913–7.694, all P<0.05). Only 2.9% of patients with Frank’s score=0 had intermediate or high SYNTAX scores, and 52.2% and 50.0% of patients with Frank’s sign score=3 and 4 had intermediate or high SYNTAX scores, respectively. The Frank’s sign score was significantly and positively correlated with SYNTAX score (r=0.457, P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Features of specific ear creases and Frank’s sign scores were associated with intermediate and high complexity of coronary lesions.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Stenosis, Myocardial Ischemia, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Coronary Angiography, Cross-Sectional Studies, Ear, Logistic Models, Middle Aged, Sensitivity and Specificity, young adult

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416