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Chlorogenic Acid Alleviates Allergic Inflammatory Responses Through Regulating Th1/Th2 Balance in Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Rhinitis Mice

Feilin Dong, Jun Tan, Yi Zheng

Department of Otolaryngology, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923358

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923358

Available online: 2020-07-02

Published: 2020-09-01

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a prevalent atopic disorder caused by immune imbalance. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) has antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidative and immunoregulatory effects, but its role in anaphylactic disease remains unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the function of CGA in AR.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: AR mice models were induced with ovalbumin (OVA) by orally administrating the mice with 50 mg/kg (L-CGA), 100 mg/kg (M-CGA), or 200 mg/kg (H-CGA) of CGA. The number of nasal rubbings and sneezes was recorded. Afterward, the mice were sacrificed for the collection of blood, nasal lavage fluid (NALF), and nasal tissues. The cells in NALF were counted by hemocytometer and stained by Diff-Quick. Nasal mucosa was observed by H&E staining. ELISA testing was conducted for detecting the levels of anti-OVA antibodies and Th1/Th2-related cytokine. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction experiments were conducted to determine mRNA expressions of Th1/Th2-related cytokines.
RESULTS: In the OVA-induced AR mice, CGA treatment reduced nasal rubbing and sneezing, and also suppressed the number of total cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, macrophages, and epithelial cells in NALF. OVA-induced up-regulation of nasal mucosa thickness was inhibited by CGA, and the effects of OVA on IgE, IgG1, and IgG2a were reversed by CGA. The regulatory effects of OVA on mRNA expressions and levels of Th1/Th2-related cytokines were abolished by CGA treatment in AR mice.
CONCLUSIONS: CGA can alleviate allergic inflammatory responses through regulating Th1/Th2 balance in OVA-induced allergic rhinitis mice.

Keywords: Cytokines, Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome