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The Evaluation of Bone Mineral Density based on Age and Anthropometric Parameters in Southeast Chinese Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

Rongrong Xuan, Yang Song, Julien S. Baker, Yaodong Gu

The Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923603

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923603

Available online: 2020-06-17

Published: 2020-08-16


BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a chronic skeletal disease characterized by a reduction in bone density, resulting in high death rates and high costs among patients worldwide. This study investigated the associations among age, anthropometric parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) in southeast Chinese adults and evaluated the characteristics of southeast Chinese adults at high risk of osteoporosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study enrolled 424 female and 265 male volunteers. Height, weight and BMD were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Based on their BMD T-scores, female and male participants were divided into groups with osteoporosis (OG1) and osteopenia (OG2) and a normal group (NG).
RESULTS: The findings revealed no significant correlations between BMD and anthropometric parameters in either gender. However, a significant negative correlation was noted between BMD and age in the female participants, and a significant positive correlation was observed between BMD and age in the male participants. Multiple comparisons between groups revealed that women in the OG1 and OG2 groups were significantly older than those in the NG group.
CONCLUSIONS: Age, anthropometric parameters and BMD correlate differently between groups and genders in southeast Chinese adults.

Keywords: Age Groups, Bone Density, Osteoporosis



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